For Third World Development:

Socio-Economic-Political Restructuring to End Inequalities and Subjugation

by Ac. Dhanjoo N. Ghista


In this paper, we are providing guidelines for Third World development, as well as solutions to global and regional socio-economic inequalities and subjugation, in terms of :
(i) a neo socio-economic democratic electoral governance system, for civilian democratic governance;
(ii) a grassroots cooperative economic development, for economic stability;
(iii) a neo-global order (comprising of self-reliant economic zones, regional federations, and world government), for political equilibrium (devoid of hegemonism) and based on parity among nations. In order to address these requirements, we need to develop the charter and constitution role of functionally sustainable communities for grassroots economic democracy, within the benevolent political framework of a human-rights implementing World government.

For People’s Empowerment, we are introducing the following concepts:
1. Natural resources to be harnessed primarily by the people-of-the-soil;

2. Co-operative economic development along with Economic democracy, to constitute the basis of grassroots democracy;

3. The issues and needs of the community can be best addressed by having its legislative assembly comprised of elected competent representatives of the various sectors of the community (such as the educational, healthcare, judicial, industrial & community-services), and not by political parties having self-serving interests and agendas;

4. Functionally Sustainable Communities (FSCs, based on the above principles) offer the best mechanism for addressing local needs, poverty eradication, collective generation and distribution of capital, local peoples empowerment and their dignified living;

5. World trade and globalization can be locally, regionally and globally beneficial, based on (i) indigenous industrial development, (ii) imports to be only for items unavailable or for better-performing items, (iii) parity in remuneration for equivalent works and jobs across the globe.

Towards Equitable Globalization, we are proposing a new global order, in which a Functionally Sustainable Community (FSC) operates at the grassroots level; a number of compatible FSCs in a geographical zone can then form a Self-reliant Economic Zone (SEZ), wherein all the FSCs of that particular zone would have representation in the SEZ parliament. The SEZs of a region or a continent can then constitute a Regional Federation (or Union, akin to the European Union); the Regional Federations (RFDs) would then have representations in a benevolent world government, whose legislative members would be elected from among the members of the parliaments of SEZs. In this neo-global political structuring, all the legislative members of the World Government would be elected representatives of the grassroots FSCs. This new global structuring, comprising of FSCs, SEZs, RFDs, under the aegis of the World Government, will ensure
(i) the implementation of the most comprehensive charter of human rights,
(ii) grassroots economy and political governance,
(iii) prevent domination of global affairs by a few nations, and
(iv) serve the individual and collective interests of all the communities of the world.